Monday, December 24, 2012

To Russia with love...


Our guest blogger this month is Alan Garratt from England.  

GUEST BLOGGER:

About Alan Garratt... He is an Englishman living about 75 miles north of London. For many years Alan worked for a UK company called Hampden (no connection to the watch concern) and was involved in the Rubber Industry. This inevitably led him to Ohio, the center of the US Rubber Industry, where he often visited the Akron, Canton, Cleveland and Cincinnati area. He tells us at this time he was unaware of Hampden watches, but then one day, while visiting India he had cause to put Hampden into Google; the results opened up a fascinating and completely new world for him.

He says that with more time on his hands now he is enjoying gathering as much information as possible and building a small collection of Hampden watches from the Dueber, Clinton and Russian eras.

This is the second time Alan has written for our blog, and it is an honor to have him again share his expertise.  Please visit his blog http://hampdenwatches.blogspot.com/ to read more. 

    *********************************************

Alan picks up the Dueber-Hampden story as a new chapter opens in Russia.  



Russian: Гострест Точмех
We would not normally consider the former USSR as a potential source of consumer
goods but the Soviet Union produced many fine, technically sophisticated,
watches during the 80 or so years it existed and in part that was due to
the legacy it acquired in the form of materials and expertise from Canton.
Before the communist revolution Russia did not have a significant watch industry,
most timepieces being assembled from imported parts. After 1917 the
remains of the small watch businesses became centralized as part of Gostrest
Tochmekh (Russian: Гострест Точмех) which translates as The State Trust of
Precision Mechanics. Gostrest Tochmekh used old stocks of parts and whatever
imported components they could acquire on the international market to continue
production; watches were usually completed with locally made dials and
cases.
This state of affairs could not continue if the new demands for clocks and
watches was to be met; a whole new industry needed to be created from
scratch. In October 1928 Gostrest Tochmekh set up a commission to look into
the purchase, from abroad, of the necessary equipment to establish turnkey
watch factories.

Andrey Bodrov
Part of the commission, under it’s leader Andrey Bodrov, was then sent to
America where it visited around 21 precision engineering plants, including
eight watch factories. At the beginning of 1929 at a meeting with the Amtorg
Trading Corp., which had located the factories and planned the US visit, Bodrov
reported that the manufacture of watches in America was at a considerably
higher level than in Europe. In contrast to the half-amateur European method
of the production, America was almost fully automated and this best suited the
Soviet Unions ambitions. Bodrov’s proposal to purchase American equipment
for the production of watches was eventually accepted in Moscow.
Finding the bankrupt Dueber-Hampden plant up for sale the Soviet Union,
through Amtorg, purchased the machinery, tools and stock. It seems strange
that the Federal Government would permit such a purchase when it embargoed
most goods to Soviet Russia. Perhaps it decided that if the Soviets were crazy
enough to buy such out-of-date technology it would let them - what harm
could it do. In any case the twenty-eight freight cars full of Dueber-Hampden
equipment set out from Canton bound for Moscow. By April 1930 the steamer
with the equipment aboard had set sail for Russia.
Two months earlier in February 1930 the building for the “First State Watch
Factory” (Russian: Первый Государственный Часовой Завод Abbreviation:1ГЧЗ)
was started in Voronczovskaja Street, Moscow as a top-priority project. The
main block was built on the previous location of a Tobacco Factory called “Krasnaja
Zvevda” (Red Star). The work was finished by June 1930 and installing
the main equipment was completed by September 15th 1930.


Bound for Russia ~ 1930
Twenty one former Dueber-Hampden watchmakers, engravers and various
other technicians were hired to help train the Russian workers in the art of
watch making. The party left Canton on February 25th 1930 and spent several
days in New York before shipping out aboard the RMS Aquitania on March 1st.
The eight day sea voyage was reportedly rough and ended in Cherbourg, France. 

 Dueber-Hampden watchmakers, engravers and various
other technicians in New York before shipping out aboard the RMS Aquitania 
Heavy Sea ~ S.S. Aquitania March 1930




















The party reached Moscow on March 16th via Berlin, Germany and
Warsaw, Poland. A band and a large crowd greeted them before they were
taken to their allotted accommodation throughout the city. On the 18th of
March they were given a banquet at the Grand Hotel with table settings belonging
to the late Tzar.
All the workers reported that they were well looked after and that all their expenses
were met. They were given pay even when they were too ill to work
and free hospital treatment, neither of which they enjoyed by right in Canton.
Each worker was said to have been paid around $7,000 (equivalent to $95,000
in 2012) and provided with a cook and a waiter. The Soviets would have been
happy for any Hampden employee to stay after their one year contracts were
up (and a six month extension for some six men) but at Soviet pay rates. All
returned to the US.
The project was completed on October 1st 1930 and the First State Watch
Factory came into being. By November 7th the Public Commissariat for General
Engineering ordered the manufacture of the first 50 pocket watches. These
watches were presented at a ceremonial meeting in the Revolution Theater,
now known as the Bolshoi Theater. Interestingly, some parts of these early
watches were still stamped "Hampden Watch Co. Canton, OH" as the old US
stock was used-up. The Hampden pattern watch movements were to be known
as the Type-1.



The Watches
The Type-1 movement carried through the Hampden connection right up to the
1980s and is easily recognized by it’s distinct twin finger bridge layout. The
Type-1 movement, or K-43 watch when placed into a case, initially comprised
of a 15j pocket watch for governmental use and a 7j wristwatch (later 15j) for
the Red Army. In addition a 7j pocket watch and a ladies 15j wristwatch were
produced for general sale.
At about the same time the Soviets purchased the Dueber-Hampden equipment
and tools, it also purchased the bankrupt US clock maker Ansonia Clock
Co., of New York. In November 1930 The Second State Watch Factory was
founded also in Moscow. It initially made wall clocks and alarm clocks but from
1935 the factory began production of watches containing Type-1 movements.
In 1935 the ‘Chairman of the Congress of Soviets’ Mikhail Kalinin signed a decree
awarding The First State Watch Factory the name of Kirov after Sergei
Kirov who was a prominent early Bolshevik leader in the Soviet Union. Watches
made at the factory are often referred to as Kirovskie’s.
As the Nazi army closed in on Moscow, during the Autumn of 1941, the factory
was hurriedly evacuated to the city of Zlatoust in the province of Chelyabinsk
close to the Yural Mountains. The installation started in November and was
completed on Christmas Day. Throughout the war the factory produced timing
devices including tank clocks, aircraft clocks, gun camera clocks and naval
chronometers. By the end of the war the factory was said to have produced
more than 300,000 such devices. 92% of Tanks and 98% of Aircraft were fitted
with Zlatoust Type-1 clocks. By 1943 the Red Army was on the offensive and
the Moscow factory was re-established; at the same time being renamed the
'First Moscow Watch Factory (Kirov)'.
The Zlatoust factory continued the manufacture of pocket watches, stopwatches
and the legendary Type-1 191-ChS watch for Soviet Navy Divers. A
very large watch who’s diameter (without the crown) is about two and a quarter
inches and which weighed eight and a half ounces. Production of these
unique watches was stopped in the first half of the 1970s. Modern replicas are
very trendy today - Arnold Schwarzenegger is often filmed wearing his 191-
Chs.


Arnold Schwarzenegger is often filmed wearing his 191-Chs.  Look at his watch.

By the end of the 1940's there was a gradual phasing out of the Type-1
movements, the legacy of the Hampden purchase in 1930. I have a Pocket
Watch from the Zlatoust Watch Factory made in the third quarter of 1958, possibly
one of the last watches using a Type-1 movement. I also have a Type-1
tank clock dated 1980.
The final destination, or disposal, of the original watch making equipment from
Canton is impossible to determine but as the factory was evacuated to Zlatoust
during WWII, it's reasonable to assume some of the equipment would have
stayed there. Plenty of examples of other Type-1 watches coming from factories
located throughout the Soviet Union are well documented so Dueber-
Hampden machines and tools may well have been distributed to those sites.
The Hampden Type-1 movement, in Soviet hands, lasted from 1930 until the
1980's - not bad for a bankrupt design. What’s more many of the pocket and
wristwatches with Type-1 movements are working to this day and have proven
to be durable, accurate and reliable. Canton can be proud.

Something to think about... Thanks to the NAWCC Chapter 28 for inviting me to their November meeting.  I enjoyed sharing my project.
 NAWCC Chapter 28 November watch swap and meeting.  



Link on for more details for the NAWCC Convention in Dayton 2013

Come to Dayton, Ohio for the 2013 National Convention.  One of the treats will be a great slate of experts speaking on a variety of interesting subjects, many focused on Seth Thomas, who first started clock making on his own 200 years ago!  See you there!



Sources:

Vladimir Bogdanov. http://slava.su

Garratt. Alan.  Arnold. Photograph. Private collection. 


Gibbs, James W. From Springfield to Moscow: The Complete Dueber-Hampden Story. Revised Edition--supplement to the 1954 Dueber-Hampden Story. Philadelphia, PA: Supplement to the Bulletin of the National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors, Inc., 1986. Print.


Goodenberger, Ralph. Photographs of Dueber Workers bound for Russia aboard ship, Aquitania   and Canton Repository clipping. 1930. digital file. private collection.



Monday, August 13, 2012

Making the Move...from Springfield, Massachusetts and Newport, Kentucky. Dueber-Hampden Watch Works finds a new home in Canton, Ohio.


In our last blog we talked about the construction of the watch factory from Springfield, Massachusetts and the case factory from Newport, Kentucky.  In this blog entry we discuss the Watch Works move in 1888 and its effect on Canton, Ohio.  

After the cyclone hit in Canton, and once the Watch Works buildings were repaired, the move from Springfield, Massachusetts to Canton, Ohio became the biggest chapter in the Dueber-Hampden story. Watch makers from Hampden County in Springfield required two special trains to move to Canton. The first four hundred workers arrived in town on August 1888 to begin work. The effect of the loss of employees to Springfield was devastating.

The Hampden Watch Company had been Springfield's leading industry. More than 600 mechanics worked at the watch factory. 

This was more than Smith-Wesson and the Armory combined. In addition, these were not just the best mechanics, but the highest paid. As Gibbs reports in his book, From Springfield to Moscow, The Complete Dueber-Hampden Story, he said think of the sadness that fell over Springfield and Hampden County,  Massachusetts when the announcement came that the Watch Works, along with those skilled and highly paid workmen and their families, would be moving to Canton.
 
Although Hampden County sorely felt the loss of the Watch Works, that did not seem to be the same for Newport Kentucky.  There was no record of mourning the loss of the Watch Case Company (Gibbs, 13).  BUT according to Mathis Premiere Design website—the Cincinnati Enquirer reported that “Mr. Dueber will go.  Newport to lose a great manufacturing interest, What comes of short-sighted selfishness,” the article called the move disastrous for Newport (9).  

The Newport facility employed nearly 735 men, women and children with an annual payroll of $300,000.  The previous year Dueber made close to $1,500,000 in sales—much of the profit was reinvested into the company.


Changing the dynamics of cities

Dueber-Hampden did not just change the economic dynamics of cities.  Dueber-Hampden also played a part in changing the religious influence of Stark County, Ohio. The Zion Lutheran Church, established at 901 Dueber Avenue SW in 1895, came as a direct response to the growing population on the west side, and following the building of the Watch Works (Heald, v4, 400).

To serve the growing West side Methodist population, the Dueber Avenue Methodist Church was also established (Heald, v4, 403).

But along with all the celebration for the watch works and its employees coming to Canton, we can't overlook that there were some growing pains for the city.  According to E. T. Heald, "The coming of Dueber Hampden Watch Works doubled the population of Canton overnight to 26,000 (262)." 

The arrival of Dueber-Hampden Watch Works started an immense growing period for Canton, Ohio.  The building of both the watch and case factories created the growth of eleven lumber yards and the ripple effect of all the housing that was needed for the employees and their families. 

Historian Heald discusses in much detail the need for a better sewage system for Canton that had already been taxed before the population began to grow. When the population was around 12,000 there was no place to dispose of home waste and at that time diphtheria was the greatest cause of deaths. City leaders had begun to put together a board, and make some improvements, but with the coming of Dueber-Hampden, Heald reports there was an immediate need to build a new sewage disposal system south of the city near North Industry just about 1 1/2 miles south of Howenstine on the Dennison Steinmetz farm (262).

The Dueber Watch Case Company and the Hampden Watch Company quickly became two of Canton's largest employers. In 1888, the companies' first year in Canton, the firms employed 2,300 Canton residents. In 1890, Canton's population was 26,337 people. The Dueber-Hampden Watch Company was an important employer in Canton, Ohio during the early 1920s and thanks to these two companies, (watch & case) Canton became an important center for watch manufacturing in the United States of America. .

Something to think about... your own tradition...sharing the history!

Over the course of the two years I have been researching this blog, I have had a good opportunity to interview many people who have connections to the Dueber-Hampden Watch Works, either through a relative who may have worked there, or others who may possess a watch manufactured at the Works, and has been passed down through the generations.

After interviewing many people about Dueber-Hampden and thinking about their fondness for its watches, I wanted to start my own tradition and help my children appreciate the history of their own hometown. Canton was founded in the early 1800s, and less than 100 years later John Dueber moved his factory to this city. I wanted to share this history with them.  



I decided to buy two watches and  my hope was to have the watches be pretty similar.  A collector found one watch in Florida and another in Ohio. The irony is that the watch serial numbers are in sequential order, meaning one was produced right after the other.   


The watches I purchased were manufactured by Dueber-Hampden Watch Works in Canton,  Ohio for Johnston & Co.  As was the practice of many watch companies,  local jewelers could order movements with their name or their stores' name on the watches.  Although the Johnston & Co.  private label movements did not specifically identify them as Johnston watches, the watches could be identified by their special demaskeening patterns and the special marked Hampden in script lettering. 
           
These two examples are the highest grade Johnston & Co. watches.  These two watches were marked three positions and were pendant set, excluding them from railroad standards.  These watches were referred to as street railway grade in some circles.  These particular watches would have been used by the local streetcar conductors.  

This blog just outlines a few of the influences Dueber-Hampden Watch Works had on Canton's cultural, religious, and economy for its people, and these watches represent a wonderful part of our hometown's coming of age. 

A vintage street car running in Canton, Ohio (1910-1923)  Source: Bubblews.com


Sources:

Gibbs, James W. From Springfield to Moscow: The Complete Dueber-Hampden Story. Revised Edition--supplement to the 1954 Dueber-Hampden Story. Philadelphia, PA: Supplement to the Bulletin of the National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors, Inc., 1986. Print.

Heald, Edward T. "Greentown's Famous Doctors."The Stark County Story. The Stark County Historical Society. I. Columbus, Ohio: The Stoneman Press, 1949. Print.

Heald, Edward T. The Stark County Story. 3rd ed. Vol. 4. Canton, OH: The Stark County Historical Society, 1958. 262-275. Print.


Images:

Dueber-Hampden workers: Dueber-Hampden's came to Canton, used by permission from The McKinley Presidential Library & Museum, Canton, Ohio

Dueber-Hampden Watch company ad and trade card used with permission from the Edward Thouvenin collection

Street car in Canton:
 http://www.bubblews.com/assets/images/news/479490208_1338778220.JPG




Enjoy our Video of Dueber-Hampden Best Time Keepers!

















Wednesday, June 6, 2012

Groundbreaking for the Dueber-Hampden Watch Works in Canton




Thanks for being patience as I continue to research and write my blog.  In this edition, I am sharing information from my presentation at the NAWCC Ward Francillon Time Symposium in Hebron, Kentucky, October 2011.



Breaking ground for the Dueber-Hampden Watch Works, was an important time for Canton.  When the great Watch Works began putting down roots in October 1886, Canton began changing too. Stark County's largest industry from the late 1880s through World War I would be the Dueber-Hampden Watch Works. This giant Watch Works would create a building boom in Canton that would spawn eleven different lumber yards (Heald, v4., 144).

John Walter's newly created construction business was happily charged with framing the roofs, and truss works for the behemoth Dueber-Hampden Works. Some of Walter's other endeavors included building a bridge across Meyer's Lake (Heald, v4, 298).


The donated 20 acres of land for the new Dueber-Hampden Watch Works came from the Meyer’s family, known for the Meyer’s Lake and Amusement park.  Andrew Myer owned 3,000 acres of land (Haldi)
Because of his efforts, Dr. Dougherty helped double Canton's population in a decade. The population of Canton in 1880 was 12,250, and rose to 26, 189 by 1890 (Stark County Bicentennial Story).






















During my research, I spoke with Canton native Richard Haldi, a local historian who volunteers with the 
William McKinley Presidential Library and Museum. He often speaks to local groups about the Dueber-Hampden Watch Works. Mr. Haldi said that the original plans for the Dueber-Hampden Watch Works called for two additional buildings situated next to the original factory (near the trees in the artist's rendering of the plans shown above), the second set would mirror the original Works. But just like now, there was a recession and the second set of buildings was never started. (Haldi) (also noted is the misspelling on this original drawing)

Guy Tilden, one of Canton's top architects, was commissioned to build the south part of the Dueber-Hampden Watch Works. Just a few days before the Watch Works was to open, a cyclone moved through the area, and ripped the factory apart. John Dueber asked Mr. Tilden to reinforce the building columns and John Dueber further instructed that much of the decorative pieces on the building were to be taken down. The image shows Dueber-Hampden employees surveying the damages from the storm just days before the Works would open. In the years following, Mr. Tilden remained one of Canton's most important architects whose signature buildings helped to define Canton's skyline. According to James Gibbs' book; From Springfield to Moscow: The Complete Dueber-Hampden Story, the almost completed south wing meant to house the watch works was completely leveled. Gibbs reports the company had no insurance for the $15,000 dollar loss (10).  

  
The factories were built in sections, the building housing the Hampden Watch works was built first—it was 575 feet in length—the Dueber Case Company was identical to the Hampden section, with the exception of its’ length which was 630 feet— John C. built the case factory on the north side some 57 feet longer than the watch building. The reason is that Dueber's affection was for the Case Works where he originally started and where his heart remained.
According to Gibbs the factories were an impressive three stories or the equivalent of what a 12-story sky scraper would equal.  In addition the functional clock tower stood 150 feet high.
The Case Works did not begin operations until a year after the Watch Works because it took nearly two years to move the machinery equipment and other supplies to Canton. Once operational the Case Works began producing 15,000 cases per week. After the first year the Watch Works was producing 600 watches with 1,000 workers. The net from both companies was close to $2,600,000 in 1890 (Gibbs, 13).














Collector Edward Thouvenin said the buildings were constructed north to south with a narrow width building and larger windows top to bottom so that those huge windows on either side of the factory could catch the east and west sunlight during the brightest part of the day, and then also be supplemented by gas lights.

 Something to think about ...
The following is from Dueber-Hampden Facebook Fan, Tim Elder, who is researching the statues from Dueber-Hampden Watch Works, that at one time stood outside the Lehman High School in Canton, Ohio (Stark County).  This adds another interesting piece to our Dueber-Hampden story.  


(left) Statue at Lehman High School, no shield, no sword, (top right) Dueber-Hampden Watch logo inside watch case, and (bottom right) 1913 photograph of Dueber-Hampden Employees, fuzzy statue in background.













Research and questions about Lehman's statues for Dueber-Hampden, by Tim Elder, 2012.


The discus thrower statues that were on abutments at each end of Lehman High School's football field concrete steps and bleachers originally came from the Dueber-Hampden Watch Works.   The statues were placed at Dueber-Hampden when the Case and Watch factory buildings were being built, but prior to this the statues were at the Dueber-Hampden Case Factory in Cincinnati, Ohio.  A good source to support this claim comes from, E.T. Heald's The Stark County Story, Volume II  (p.409): "The statues that used to adorn the entrance (of Dueber Hampden) now repose at the Lehman High School."  It was originally thought that the statues were obtained in memory of John C. Dueber, but they were at Dueber-Hampden much earlier than 1907 when John Dueber died.  This thought came from the Dueber-Hampden story by James W. Gibbs: "The only monument to his (John C. Dueber) memory that has been preserved are some statues that used to adore the main entrance."  If Gibbs' statement is correct, the statues were not obtained in John C. Deuber's memory, but were moved to Lehman High School to preserve his memory. 

Questions that Mr. Elder raises are:
ü  Where and when did Dueber-Hamdpen get the statues?  We do know that the statues were moved from Cincinnati to Canton, Ohio during the construction of the Watch Works in 1886.
ü  Question: When did Lehman High School get the statues?  Mr. Elder does tell us the statues were moved to the school when it was build about 1923, and the statues were there for the dedication in 1924.
ü  Question: But why were the statues moved to the school?  Was it to preserve John C. Dueber's memory, or his legacy in Canton, Ohio?
ü  Question: What about the abutments/pedestals that the statues rested on, were they part of the original design?
ü  Question:  The east statue was removed from Lehman High School around 1937, and the west statue was removed around (believed) 1950, why were they removed, and where are they now?

Mr. Elder has done some good research into the beginnings of the statues.  He adds that there is an architect's sketch in the book Canton compiled by H. R. Witter, published in 1922 before Lehman High School was dedicated, that shows that the steps extended one or two sections beyond the building on the west end.  Other photos show about 1/2 section, but Mr. Elder adds he has found no as-built photos,  Anyone out there have photographs of the old Lehman High School to share?  Especially of the statues.   

Dueber-Hampden Watch and Case Postcard advertisement
In the 1946 "Polaris" an aerial photograph shows a statue at only the west end, the east statue was removed much earlier.  A LHS's football great, said that one of the statues was taken down in 1938 because of a student prank (other source say statue already gone by 1937).  The prank--dressing (decorating) the statue in a jock strap, although this apparently occurred multiple times over the years.  Truly no official reason given for the removal of the statue, but if this was the reason, shouldn't both statues have been removed?  


Mr. Elder pointed out something interesting to me and my collectors. In a 1913 photograph of Dueber Hampden employees (copy in the Smithsonian Museum because it was the first panoramic photograph taken), there is a fuzzy statue in the background that verifies that the Dueber-Hampden statue had a shield.  He adds that the shield contained the Dueber-Hampden motto, "We defy competition," was removed before moving the statue to Lehman High School, and also the bottom circular base that contained the words, "What is worth doing is worth doing well."  Although Dueber-Hampden advertisement (above) show the statue holding a shield in its left hand and a sword in its right hand, when the statue was moved to Lehman High School, the statue had a collar around its left forearm, the remains of the shield. and the sword was broken off (photo collage above).  So although the Lehman High School students, and even I called the statue the discus thrower, the statues' right hands  never ever held a discus. 


Thanks Tim for bringing up some interesting questions about the statues from Dueber-Hampden.   This has given us more to think about.   


Sources:

Elder, Tim, "D-H Statue as it was placed at Lehman High School."  Message to author, 14 Mar. 2012. Web.

Haldi, Richard. Personal interview. 10 Mar. 2010.

Heald, Edward T., ed. The American Way of Life in Stark County, Ohio 1917-1959. Vol. 2. Columbus, OH: The Stoneman Press, 1959. 171-72. Print.

Heald, Edward T., ed. The American Way of Life in Stark County, Ohio 1917-1959. Vol. 4. Columbus, OH: The Stoneman Press, 1959. 144-403. Print.

Gibbs, James W. From Springfield to Moscow: The Complete Dueber-Hampden Story. Revised Edition--supplement to the 1954 Dueber-Hampden Story. Philadelphia, PA: Supplement to the Bulletin of the National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors, Inc., 1986. Print.

Thouvenin, Edward, Personal Interview. 17 June 2010.



Images:

1893 map, J. Meyer's Heir's Addition. 1893. Map. Bob Dasco collection.
Canton Plate, No. 14. used with permission from Greg Farino collection. 
Hampden Watch and Dueber Case Works used with permission from the Richard Haldi collection.
Dueber-Hampden Watch company building and cyclone images used with permission from the Edward Thouvenin collection.
Dueber-Hampden workers used by permission from The McKinley Presidential Library and Museum, Canton, Ohio)
Dueber-Hampden statues images used by permission from Tim Elder collection, and Taylor Rogers Facebook watch photo, 2011
Dueber-Hampden Watch company Trade card and advertisement images used with permission from the Edward Thouvenin collection.






Thursday, February 16, 2012

John Dueber is the toast of the town

In this blog and those upcoming, I want to share my presentation from the NAWCC Ward Francillon Time Symposium in Hebron, Kentucky.


According to the Stark County Story, when the bidding for the Dueber-Hampden Watch Factory came about, Dr . Charles Dougherty a local dentist, and head of the Board of Trade (a predecessor to the Chamber of Commerce), sprung into action to raise the $100,000 dollars needed to bring the company to Canton. Dr. Dougherty who had closed his dental practice due to ill health and was then pursuing a career in real estate and insurance, was able to raise the money in three months with individual pledges of $5,000 from twenty of Canton's most prominent citizens. William McKinley, United States Representative (later president) is said to have been among those pledging to help bring Dueber-Hampden to Canton (Haldi).


Some have called Dr. Dougherty the spark plug who was instrumental in bringing the Dueber-Hampden Watch and Case Factory to Canton. He was also responsible for bringing other major manufacturing companies to Canton, including the Berger Manufacturing Company, and The Timken Roller Bearing Company. Dougherty is from a long line of Greentown, Ohio doctors. Dougherty's own father carried his dental tools in his saddlebag while riding horseback to practice dentistry. Dougherty's brothers were also dentists and doctors in the Canton area. Dougherty originally came to Canton with $2.00 in his pocket at the age of 19, and worked his way through dental school finishing when he was 32 years old (Stark County Bicentennial Story, pg. 195).

According to Mathis Premiere Design website—a thousand cities were interested in John C. Dueber’s plant—cities as far away as Kansas City, and as far south as Chattanooga, along with countless Ohio towns.   Dueber arrived in Canton from a tour of Mansfield.  After considering his many options, Dueber settled on Canton.  It was established that Richmond, Indiana, and  Troy, Sidney, Mansfield and Canton, Ohio offered the most advantages to the proposed factory, but Dueber not only saw an industrious community he liked the spirit of Canton’s people.  ONE CITY IN A THOUSAND was written into the Canton Repository, this headline continued to help grow the city’s spirit and pride that they had landed the Watch Works and Case Company that would dominate Canton's economy through WWI.





At the Canton opera house in 1886, John C. Dueber and his associates were the toast of the town as they met with city officials to accept the $100,000 dollar award, the donation of 20 acres of land with tax benefits, and the promises of a railroad spur to reach the future Dueber-Hampden Watch and Case Companies. Many Canton residents at the time and those who still remember today refer to Dueber-Hampden as the "Watch Works." Congressman (later President) William McKinley's congratulatory note was among many received by the Dueber congregation as they toasted their newly adopted city.



Lady Grace: 
This watch photo was supplied by David Miller.  His grandparents were employed by the Dueber-Hampden Watch Works in Canton, and later traveled to Russia when the company was sold.  What our collectors are saying about this watch.  It was advertised as a Lady Grace.  A local story is the case was designed and built by Mr. Wossner.  He received a bonus for developing this case.  There was no movement developed at this time for this particular case.  In order to get this watch into early production a Swiss movement was contracted.  To learn more about Dueber Hampden Watch Works and to share your own watch, please join us on Dueber-Hampden Facebook








Sources:

Haldi, Richard. "Dueber-Hampden Watchworks ." Massillon Genealogical Society. Massillon. 3 Feb. 2010. Lecture.

Heald, Edward T. "Greentown's Famous Doctors."The Stark County Story. The Stark County Historical Society. I. Columbus, Ohio: The Stoneman Press, 1949. Print. 



Miller, Dave. Photograph of Lady Grace. 2010. digital file.


Phillips-Garver, Marilyn.  Photograph of Opera House.  2010.